Every day as I set off to explore one corner or another of Kutch I would pass a dazzling white edifice in Bhuj, my base during my travels in north-west Gujarat. And my eyes would hold on to it, till it disappeared from sight. It was the Swaminarayan Temple of Bhuj. I knew I could not leave without visiting it. Call it faith. Call it the traveller’s call. But I found myself waking up at the crack of dawn this morning and finding my way towards it.
I got lost. I went around in circles! And in the course I stumbled upon an 18th Century family temple dedicated to Shiva, belonging to a Soni family; the extended families living in miniscule quarters around the temple courtyard.
Across the road, the grand, ornate Swaminarayan Temple in marble and gold shimmered in its glory. I was in time for the morning prayers held within the inner sanctum … It was exquisite, more so up close and around me, the morning light filtering in through the carved pillars and amongst the devotees.
7 years (2003-2010), 600 sculptors, 126,000 cubic feet marble, 35,000 square feet, seven pinnacles, one central dome, 25 minor domes and 258 pillars
Hinduism and Gujarat are virtually synonymous with each other—89 percent of the state’s population is Hindu and of these most belong to the Swaminarayan sect. The Shri Swaminarayan Mandir or Swaminarayan Temple was built by Swaminarayan (1781–1830) himself, founder of the Swaminarayan Sampraday, back in 1823. The original structure was destroyed by the 2001 earthquake that racked the region, and replaced with the current one in 2010 constructed using traditional Vedic architectural methods.
… Carvings cover every surface inch. Above: Ganesh, the remover of obstacles, and stories from the Ramayana and Mahabharata
… Divinity in magnificence. Ceiling, wall, and detail, all in white marble and gold
The temple, like most Swaminarayan temples is dedicated to Nara-Narayana, a Hindu deity pair consisting of Nara, the human soul and eternal companion of the Divine Narayana (Vishnu). The Mahabharata refers to Krishna (an avatar of Vishnu) as Narayana and Arjuna–the protagonist of the epic–as Nara. The legend of Nara-Narayana is also recounted in the scripture Bhagavata Purana.
Followers of the Swaminarayan sect believe that their founder Swaminarayan is an incarnation of Narayana, the Supreme Being and superior to other deities. Swaminarayan himself is said to have installed the idols of Nara-Narayana dev and his own form, Hari-Krishna Maharaj, in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple. These are now housed in the new temple. Interestingly, women are not allowed inside or near the innermost chambers; they are fenced out by a barricade.
Swaminarayan had 1.8 million followers when he died in 1830. By 2007, it had risen to 20 million followers. When the original temple was destroyed in 2001, his followers living in Kutch and abroad rebuilt it at a cost of 1 billion Indian Rupees.
I pray. I am prayed to. I pray to the divine for my mortal self
If you are a devout follower of the Swaminarayan sect, the temple cannot fail to impress with its divinity. And if not, the temple still charms in sheer unadulterated artistic loveliness. As it did for me. 🙂
Note: My road trip to Kutch was done with Breakfree Journeys.
It’s amazing how such talent can still be found in the 21st century to carve sculptures almost similar to ancient sculptures. Have you seen Akshardham Gujerati temple in Delhi?
Hello Kat, it is indeed incredible and beautiful how certain talents seem to transcend time. Yes, I have been to the Akshardham temple in Delhi. 🙂 That is a Swaminarayan temple as well, like the Bhuj temple. Did you get to visit it during your trips to the country ?
Yes, I did, back in 2010. Initially when I thought it was ancient sculptures until I explored the temple and realised it was fairly recent. But imagine the amount of resources it took to build within 5 years!
Such beautiful craftsmanship. I wonder what the home and belongings of the common man looked like in those days.
Thank you for commenting on my blog. The current Swaminarayan Temple is new (2010), but built using traditional Vedic techniques. The original early 19th Century structure was badly destroyed during the 2001 earthquake … If time travel were but possible. 🙂
Loved the carving. I feel so proud about our country to see such things in different parts. Last year I was in Mandawa region of Rajasthan and loved the frescos all around the havelis of Churu & Ramgarh.
Thanks for stopping by VJ Sharma. Yup, our country is a whole world in itself. 🙂 Have made a note of your recommendation. Will definitely try and see them when I explore Rajasthan.
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Thanks for wonderful post! Kutch is very very beautiful destination of Gujarat;
Yes, it is. 🙂